Day To Day Current Affairs - 5th October 2014
1. Eid-ul-Azha is being celebrated
i. Eid-ul-Azha is being celebrated in the national capital and across the nation with Muslims offering special prayers in Eidgahs and mosques and sacrificing animals, even as security arrangement was stepped up ahead of the festival.
ii. President Pranab Mukherjee and Vice President Hamid Ansari on Sunday greeted citizens on the eve of Eid-ul-Zuha, saying people should imbibe the spirit of universal love and brotherhood for prosperity of the nation and the world.
iii. I convey greetings and best wishes to all fellow citizens, especially my Muslim brothers and sisters," Mukherjee said, noting that the festival symbolizes sacrifice, faith and devotion.
2. Nobel prize in medicine awarded to trio for discovering brain's 'GPS'
i. The Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine has been awarded to three scientists who discovered the brain's GPS system. British-American researcher John O'Keefe and a Norwegian couple, Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser share the award.
ii. They discovered how the brain knows where we are and is able to navigate from one place to another. Their findings may help explain why in Alzheimer's disease patients cannot recognise their surroundings.
3. New York Times issued Apology for Racist Cartoon on India's Mars Mission
i. A reputed newspaper of United States, The New York Times issued an apology to its readers for its racist cartoon on India’s Mars Mission.
ii. In its apology, it clarified that it in no way was trying to impugn India.
iii. The apology was published on the New York Times Facebook page in response to criticism from many quarters.
iv. The clarification issued by Andrew Rosenthal, Editorial Page Editor reads that readers have complained about a recent editorial cartoon in the International New York Times about India’s foray into space exploration. It said that the cartoonist Heng Kim Song’s intent after the cartoon was to highlight that how exploration of space is no longer the exclusive domain of rich, Western countries.
Problem with the cartoon
i. The cartoon showed a farmer accompanied by a cow knocking on the door of the Elite Space Club where two men sit reading a newspaper which has India's space mission on the front page.
ii. It means that still India and Indians are considered as cattle-rearing folks.
iii. It became an ironic after Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared to the world at Madison Square Garden that we were no longer a country of snake-charmers.
4. India among five nations to build world's largest telescope
i. India along with Japan, the US, China and Canada will start work on the world’s biggest telescope on Hawaii Island that will enable to identify an object as small as coin from a distance of 500 kms.
ii. The 30-meter telescope will be established near the summit of the Mauna Kea volcano with a cost of $1.4 billion.
iii. The construction is expected to be completed by March 2022. Japan is expected to cover about a quarter of the construction costs.
iv. To mark the start of construction, 100 astronomers and officials from the five countries are scheduled to attend a ceremony on October 7 at a location 4,012 meters high on Mount Mauna Kea.
v. The telescope will be larger than Japan’s Subaru Telescope, one of the world’s biggest, which was also built on the summit of Mauna Kea and started observation in 1999.
5. West Bengal government constituted task force to probe into Burdwan blast
i. The State Government of West Bengal constituted a high-level composite Task Force to investigate into the blasts at Khagragarh in Burdwan District. The blasts occurred on 2 October 2014 in which two persons were killed.
ii. This high-level task force will be headed the Director General of Police GM P Reddy and will also co-ordinate with various investigating agencies like CID, Kolkata police and others probing the blast.
iii. Apart from this, the state government is also keeping close touch with the National Investigating Agency (NIA) on the matter.
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